In continuation of these efforts and its drive towards universal health coverage, the World Health Organization (WHO) has launched an initiative to accelerate response to TB and ensuring access to care. According to the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, in 2017, India had the world’s highest share and over a quarter of all TB cases globally, 2. 7 million, and accounted for 32% of deaths due to the disease. Operation ASHA is responsible for mobilising the community for delivery of Multi-drug-resistant (MDR) – TB treatment and in collaboration with the government of India has provided care to patients in slums and other centres beyond hospitals and healthcare or diagnostic centres. There have been some interesting changes in the management of MDR TB that is resistant to a very important treatment drug like Rifampicin.
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