In a first and an unprecedented step, the Election Commission Wednesday banned campaigning in nine West Bengal constituencies from 10 pm Thursday night in view of the recent violence in Kolkata in the last 24 hours after BJP and TMC supporters clashed on the streets Tuesday. Article 324 in the Indian Constitution gives power to the Election Commission to direct, control, and conduct elections to all Parliament, to the Legislature of every state and of elections to the offices of the President and Vice President held under the Constitution. Article 324 of the Constitution vests the “superintendence, direction and control of elections” in an Election Commission consisting “of the Chief Election Commissioner and such number of other Election Commissioners, if any, as the President may from time to time fix”. What is the nature of the powers of the Election Commission of India? The Commission has to exercise its powers and perform its functions under Article 324 in conformity with the provisions of Sections 9 to 11 of The Election Commission (Conditions of Service of Election Commissioners and Transaction of Business) Act, 1991.
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