A cataract is the clouding of the clear lens of the eye, which lies behind the iris and the pupil. Congenital cataract are one of the most common treatable causes of visual impairment and blindness during infancy, with an estimated prevalence of one to six cases per 10,000 live births,” Shetty added. While a cataract is less likely to see in younger age group but when it occurs, the reason can be due to trauma, which is an injury, or due to any inflammatory eye condition that a person might have, or as a side-effect of any medication such as steroids. A recent study by National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) has found cataract to be the most significant cause of bilateral blindness in India. It has been reported to be responsible for 50-80 per cent of the bilaterally blind in the country.
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